The Jukurrpa site shown in this painting for Ngatijirri (Budgerigar, Melopsittacus undulatus) is at Yangarnmpi south of Yuendumu. Ngatijirri are small, bright green birds native to central Australia and common around the Yuendumu area, especially after the summer rains.
Men would hunt for Ngatijirri nests, robbing them of eggs and juvenile birds, which are both considered as delicacies. The men would also go out hunting for adults, flying Ngatijirri, which they would kill by swinging branches, killing sticks or Karli (boomerangs) to hit the birds in flight. The Ngatijirri travelled to Yangarnmpi from Patirlirri, near Willowra to the east of Yuendumu and travelled further in Marngangi, north/west of Mount Dennison and west of Yuendumu.
Each time the flock of ancestral Ngatijirri lands they perform ceremonies, singing and dancing as they fly and roost in the trees and the sites of these ceremonies are depicted in this painting as concentric circles. In Warlpiri paintings traditional iconography is used to represent the Jukurrpa, particular sites and other elements as cross-like shapes depict the footprints of the birds on the ground and give an indication of the large flocks of Ngatijirri that can be found near Yangarnmpi and other sites close to Yuendumu.
After good rains Ngatijirri can successfully breed several times, resulting in an explosion of the population in a short time. Custodians for the Ngatijirri Jukurrpa are Napaljarri/Nungarrayi women and Japaljarri/Jungarrayi men.